efms Migration Report
Asylum policy criticised
The remand pending deportation continues to be criticised from many sides, for example by lawyers and the Central Committee of Catholics. It is considered a violation of the asylum law and of human rights. The regulation applied in Lower Saxony, where persons in remand pending deportation have to pay for their detention cost, has been abolished, following fierce protests.
FR 7.12.94 // FR 23.12. 95 // FR 7.12.94 // FR 29.11.94 // NN 9.1.95
No repatriation of Kurds at the moment
The repatriation of Kurds, which has been announced by the Federal Minister for the Interior in November, can be postponed until January. The situation in Turkey has to be re-evaluated, following the verdict against eight Kurdish Members of Parliament, which has met widespread international criticism. SPD and FDP continue to call for an extension of the repatriation stop.
FR 13.12.94 // FAZ 13.12.94 // SZ 15.12.94
New court proceedings on the verdict against NPD chairman Deckert
The Mannheim verdict of August, which has met widespread criticism, is reversed by the Federal Court of Justice. Deckert might be sentenced with detention.
Bavaria: Intensified combat of "border criminality"
From January 1, 1995 Bavaria will introduce extended authorization for the police. Police officers will be able to check people without suspicion in an area of 30 kilometres from the border. The checks will concentrate on railway stations, airports and highways. This measure is required following the EU accession of Austria and the abolishing of border controls, as said by the Bavarian Minister for the Interior Beckstein. A SPD majority and the Green Party reject this measure as being unconstitutional.
Sinti and Romany people demand recognition as national minority
The Central Committee of the Sinti and Romany people demanded to make December 16 a national remembrance day, commemorating the killed Sinti and Romany people during the Holocaust. The wish to be recognized as national minority and the required reform of the constitution has low chances of success. The Central Committee of the Sinti and Romany people ponders a constitutional complaint.
Government: Discussion of citizenship
The introduction of a citizenship for children, as suggested by the coalition government, is legally controversial and is called a sham offer by representatives of the SPD and the Green Party, as statistically only a small proportion of migrant youths will fulfil the necessary requirements. Even within the CDU party, the idea is controversially discussed, following the suggestion of Gerster (CDU) to automatically provide migrant youths with the German citizenship. The FDP calls for a fundamental reform of the citizenship law instead of "an insufficient modification of regulations".
SZ 19.12.94 // SZ 23.12.94 // SZ 29.12.94 // dpa 29.12.94 // Welt 30.12.94
Concerns about activities of extremist Muslims
The Office for the Protection of the Constitution and security agencies have issued warnings of increased activities of militant Muslims from Arabian countries, Turkey and Iran. Special focus should be on some Algerian Muslim leaders who use Germany as headquarters for propaganda and smuggling of weapons. These leaders have applied for political asylum in Germany.
SZ 15.12.94 // SZ 28.12.94 // Spiegel 2.1.95 // NZ 4.1.95 // Spiegel 23.1.95 // FAZ 1.2.95
Bavaria: A third less illegal border crossings
In 1994, the Bavarian border police apprehended about 1,400 border crossers trying to enter Germany illegally. In the previous year the number amounted to 8,800. According to the Bavarian Ministry for the Interior, this decrease is a consequence of stricter border controls as well as of stricter asylum regulations. Nation-wide the number of attempts to enter Germany illegally dropped from 322,00 in 1993 to 127,000 in 1994. Also the number of foreigners, who tried to enter Germany with fraud documents and who got caught in Bavaria, dropped from 6,258 in 1993 to 4,118 in 1994. The Bavarian Ministry for the Interior intends to continue the strict law enforcement and to combat international smuggling organisations.
NZ 14.1.95 // SZ 17.1.95
Annual statistics for 1994
At the beginning of 1994, 6.88 million foreigners were living in Germany, about 380,000 more than in the previous year. 60% of the new immigrants came from conflict regions which they left because of wars and persecution.
In 1994 127,210 migrants applied for asylum in Germany. Compared to 1993 (322,599 asylum applicants), the number dropped by 60.6%. In 1994 most of the asylum seekers (30,404) came from rump Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro) (73,476 in the previous year). The second largest group came from Turkey, with 19,118 asylum seekers (19,104 in the previous year). From Romania 9,581 asylum seekers came to Germany, compared to 73,717 in 1993. From Bosnia Herzegovina, 7,297 persons applied for asylum (21,240 in 1993). In addition, asylum seekers came from Afghanistan (5,642), Sri Lanka (4,813), Togo (3,488), Iran (3,445), Vietnam (3,427) and Bulgaria (3,367). From the former countries of the Eastern bloc, 58,043 persons came to Germany in 1994, which amounts to a share of 45.6% of all asylum applicants. In 1993, their share amounted to 66.2%. The quantitative proportion of Europeans compared to the total number amounts to 60.7% in 1994. 39,281 asylum seekers came from former Yugoslavia (96,625 in 1993). The Federal Agency for the Recognition of Foreign Refugees in Nuremberg decided on 352,572 asylum applications in 1994. The rate of acceptance was 7.3%. 67.6% of applications were rejected.
FAZ 7.1.95 // Welt 17.1.95